Significant Milestones in Oil Production Technology
The technology in the production oil has not been left behind in advancing as you will read more here. Because of its importance in our lives, it is best if we take a look at the changes that have taken place since it was discovered. The ancient people in Mesopotamia used a hardened substance called bitumen to construct sailing vessels and put jewelry pieces together. In Egypt, it was used to solidify the famous pyramids. Bitumen, asphalt and mortar although did not require drilling, were the substances that led to the discovery of oil.
From this site, you find out that oil was first extracted by digging. The people living in this period used oil to heal diseases, light their lamps and heat their houses. There was not much knowledge of oil and the people came up with myths about the earth releasing gases and liquids.
The technology that followed drilling was the use of spring poles. The spring pole equipment as you will discover here was tied to a tree which made it possible to reach more depth and was increasingly used by the Ruffner brothers to make salt extraction easier. Despite a hint of the possible things oil could be used for at this time, oil was still not a necessity. However when steam power was introduced, the brothers were able to drill salt at a faster rate. Benjamin Silliman a chemist at Yale learned more about processes that could convert the oil into kerosene that could then be used in lamps. It is at this point that the society became interested in the commodity and commercial drilling began.
As you will find out in this website, the demand for oil was to rise in the near future. Following the demand; there was an increase in the number of oil fields that were discovered. During the drilling process there were sediments that obstructed extraction of oil and the need for better machinery came up. Thus the rotary whose drill head went deeper past the sediment without the need to clear the debris constantly was developed. The success of the rig was witnessed in Beaumont Texas where the drill hit a field and a lot of oil started flowing towards the surface. With the world war 1 coming around, the demand for oil rose, leading to increased competition which resulted in greater development of oil tools. The most successful development for the rotary drill was the ability to dig deeper.
At the moment as we learn more here, rotary rigs are still in use for extracting oil. However, they are advanced technologically as they are fitted with digital tracking devices, touchpads and video control to monitor and access the rigs from a fur. Besides that, the rigs are more sophisticated. For example ,as you see here is that one rig can drill multiple oil wells and even move on their own.